Understanding Sinusitis: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Sinusitis guide: causes, symptoms, treatment, expert relief

Sinusitis, commonly known as a sinus infection, occurs when the tissue lining the sinuses becomes inflamed or swollen. This swelling can cause blocked sinuses, causing discomfort and other symptoms. Understanding sinusitis is important as it helps you to recognise the signs early and seek appropriate treatment.

In this blog, we’ll discuss the causes of sinusitis, symptoms and treatment options so that you can comprehend its effect and manage its symptoms effectively for your improved well-being.

What are the Causes of Sinusitis?

Sinusitis commonly occurs after a cold or flu. The main causes include viral infections, allergies, and environmental factors. Other contributing factors may include nasal polyps, deviated septum, or a weakened immune system.

What are the Symptoms of Sinusitis?

Sinus infection symptoms can vary but often include-

  • Pain, swelling, and tenderness around your cheeks, eyes, or forehead
  • A blocked or runny nose
  • Reduced sense of smell
  • Green or yellow mucus from your nose
  • High temperature

Other symptoms include-

  • Sinus headache
  • Toothache
  • Bad breath
  • Cough
  • Feeling of pressure in the ears

In young children, symptoms may also include irritability, difficulty feeding, and breathing through the mouth.

How Can You Treat Sinusitis on Your Own?

Mild sinusitis treatment can be done at home without the need to see a GP. Simple self-care measures include-

  • Getting plenty of rest
  • Drinking plenty of fluids
  • Taking painkillers like paracetamol or ibuprofen (not aspirin for children under 16)
  • Avoiding allergens
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Using a salt water solution to clean the nose

If you have a high temperature or feel unwell, it’s advisable to stay at home and avoid contact with others until you feel better.

Treatment Options for Sinusitis

Pharmacists can provide valuable advice and recommend over-the-counter medicines to reduce sinusitis symptoms. These may include decongestant nasal sprays or drops, saline nasal sprays, or solutions to rinse the nasal passages.

If a GP determines that treatment is necessary, they may prescribe-

  • Steroid nasal sprays or drops to reduce sinus swelling
  • Antihistamines if allergies contribute to symptoms
  • Antibiotics in rare cases where bacterial infection is present

In some instances, referral to an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist may be necessary, especially if symptoms persist or recur.

What is Chronic Sinusitis?

Chronic sinusitis is characterised by symptoms lasting longer than 12 weeks despite treatment attempts. There are several types of chronic sinusitis, including-

  • Allergic
  • Non-allergic
  • With nasal polyps
  • Without nasal polyps

How is Chronic Sinusitis Treated?

Chronic sinusitis can be treated in the following ways-

  • Maintain Good Hygiene: Regular hand washing reduces germ spread, decreasing sinusitis risk.
  • Avoid Triggers: Quit smoking and steer clear of factors worsening sinusitis symptoms.
  • Avoid Aeroplane Travel: Changes in air pressure may intensify sinus pain, especially during descent.
  • Explore Medical Treatments: Utilise saline irrigation, nasal steroids, and extended antibiotic courses to manage symptoms effectively.

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) or balloon catheter dilation may be necessary if medical treatments prove ineffective.

Schedule an Online Consultation for Sinusitis Relief

Sinusitis is a common issue that can impact daily life. From seeking advice from a pharmacist or consulting a healthcare professional, there are various ways for relief. Additionally, recognising chronic sinusitis and its potential complications is crucial for long-term health.

With proper care and attention, you can treat sinusitis more effectively and improve your overall well-being. With Pharmacy First at Pharmacy To My Door, you can talk to one of our experts and get an effective treatment of sinusitis from the comfort of your home. So, click here to schedule an online consultation with our professionals.

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